Unit 5 Directors and Key People

Billy Wilder- Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he worked for the city's largest tabloid. He broke into films as a screenwriter in 1929, and wrote scripts for many German films until Hitler came to power. He also came won six Oscars and was nominated another forty-seven. He also won another forty-two awards. From the mid-1950s on, Wilder made mostly comedie s. Among the classics Wilder created in this period are the farces The Seven Year Itch (1955) and Some Like It Hot (1959), satires such as The Apartment (1960), and the romantic comedy Sabrina (1954).

James Whitmore- An American film and stage actor born on October 1, 1921. James Whitmore graduated from Yale in 1944 and was a member of the elite secret society Skull and Bones. He also served in the US Marines at the tail end of World War II. Whitmore's first major picture was Battleground which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Whitmore's first major picture was Battleground, in a role that was turned down by Spencer Tracy, and for which Whitmore was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Other major films included The Asphalt Jungle, The Next Voice You Hear, Above and Beyond, Kiss Me, Kate, Them!, Oklahoma!, Black Like Me, Guns of the Magnificent Seven, Tora! Tora! Tora!, and Give 'em Hell, Harry!, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of former U.S. President Harry S Truman.

Humprey Bogart- American actor born on Christmas Day 1899 in New York City. He is best known for his roles in Casablanca, The Maltese Falcon, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, and The African Queen. After trying various jobs, Bogart began acting in 1921 and became a regular in Broadway productions in the 1920s and 1930s. When the stock market crash of 1929 reduced the demand for plays, Bogart turned to film. His first great success was as Duke Mantee in The Petrified Forest (1936), and this led to a period of typecasting as a ganster with films like Angels with Dirty Faces (1938). His performance in The Maltese Falcon was so influential that the restaurant that one of the scenes took place in has a model of the Maltese Falcon (the statue, not the movie) at the bar.

Stanley Kubrick- American director born on July 26 1928 in New York City. He is most famous for directing 2001: A Space Odyssey, A Clockwork Orange, The Shining, and Full Metal Jacket. writer, producer, and photographer; lived in England during most of the last four decades of his career, noted for the scrupulous care with which he chose his subjects, his slow method of working, the variety of genres he worked in, his technical perfectionism, and his reclusiveness about his films and personal life. He maintained almost complete artistic control, making movies according to his own whims and time constraints, but with the rare advantage of big-studio financial support for all his endeavors.

Kirk Douglas- Is an American stage and film actor, producer, and author. His he is famous for Champion (1949), Ace in the Hole (1951), The Bad and the Beautiful (1952), Lust for Life (1956), Paths of Glory (1957), Spartacus (1960), and Lonely are the Brave (1962). also known as Issur Danielovitch Demsky, was born in Amsterdam, New York, in 1916. honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1981, the highest U.S. honor a civilian can receive. Douglas was a major box office star in the 1950s and 60s, playing opposite some of the leading actresses of that era. He is #17 on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest male American legends of all time. In 1996, he received the Academy Honorary Award"for 50 years as a creative and moral force in the motion picture community".

William Wellman- Was the Oscar winning and screen writer. His nick name was Wild Bill. His name was carried with him during his life at Hollywood.He was born in February 29 , 1896 in Brookline, Massachusetts and died December 9,1975 at age 79 in Los Angeles California. His father was a stockbroker. He was famous for his movie Battle Ground. He began his career as an actor, but worked on over 80 films, as a director, producer, or consultant. He most often was a director and is notable for his work in crime, adventure, and action films, often focusing on aviation. He also directed some satirical comedies. Famous for his film Wings, which won the Academy award for Best Picture at the 1st Academy Awards.

Brian G. Hutton- directed Kelly's Heroes in 1970. He was born January 1, 1935 and trained in New York. He spent several frustrating years as a movie and TV bit player and as a stand-in for more famous screen personalities. His first theatrical feature as a director was Wild Seed (1965), an outgrowth of Universal's "young talent" department. But ever since Wild Seed, Hutton came out with action drama films such as Where Eagles Dare (1969) and Kelly's Heroes (1970). Among all of his works, his career highlights are The First Deadly Sin, Kelly's Heroes, and X, Y, and Zee.