Unit 8 Key Concepts

Takes - A continuous recorded performence. One scene can take several takes to get just right, as many things on set can go wrong.
Juxtapose - To place close together or side by side placement, especially in comparison or contrast. Used to compare images. The juxtaposition of different things is a subtle, yet effective comparison technique in many different movies. Skilled directors will use a juxtaposition to bring the viewer's attention to a certain point of interest that is significant to the movie as a whole, or to achieve a certain point.
Reaction Shot - A quick shot that records a character's or group's response to another character or some on-screen action or event; often accompanied with a POV shot; reaction shots are usually cutaways. Reaction shots are often used to give the viewer insight into who might have committed a crime or who might know specific things.
Match Action Editing - cut in film editing between either two different objects, two different spaces, or two different compositions in which an object in the two shots graphically match, often helping to establish a strong continuity of action and linking the two shots metaphoricallyJump Cut - The cutting of film that makes shot one to shot two appear to jump in an unnatural way. These type of cuts usually draw attention to the constructed nature of film and are looked down upon compared to classic film editing. It gives an unreal feel to the scene. This cut could also be used intentionally in some cases, such as the way Georges Melies used the cut to compliment his illusions.
Real Time - Real time is when the movie is an x number of hours long and the actual events in that film also take place over an x number of hours. High Noon was a western we watched earlier this year that was shot in real time.
Shooting Ratio - Shooting ration is the amount of film shot making the film, to the amount of film, actually used in the movie. For example, if the shooting ratio 2:1, and the films was two hours long, that means four hours of film was shot that includes mistakes, and parts edited out of the final cut. Only two out of the four hours were used in the final version of the movie.
Raw Footage - Original footage taken; it has not yet been edited
Rough Edit - In filmaking, the rough edit is the second of three portions of film editing. This is the stage where the film begins to resemble the final product. They don't flow well and generally undergo many changes before the film is finished.
Final Cut - When a director has contractual authority over how a film is ultimately released for public viewing.
Fade - process of causing a picture to gradually darken and disappear, or reverse. Often known as a "fade out" or a "fade in".
Dissolve - A gradual transition from one image to another. Used a lot in suspense films.
Parallel Editing - An editing technique that allows two or more simultaneous sets of action to unfold within a single film sequence. The scene will go back and forth between multiple vantage points to build suspense. Although, strictly speaking, U.S. film director D. W. Griffith was not part of the montage school, he was one of the early proponents of the power of editing — mastering cross-cutting to show parallel action in different locations.
Montage - Blending of elements from several pictures into one.
The technique of combining in a single composition pictorial elements from various sources, as parts of different photographs or fragments of printing, either to give the illusion that the elements belonged together originally or to allow each element to retain its separate identity as a means of adding interest or meaning to the composition.
Foreshadowing - To show or indicate beforehand. this technique is used in movies to show what is going to happen and is used in books as well as movies. give hints about things to come in later plot developments. It can be very broad and easily understood, or it may be complex use of symbols, that are then connected to later turns in the plot. Sometimes an author may deliberately use false hints, called red herrings, to send readers or viewers off in the wrong direction. This is particularly the case with mystery writers, who want to bury clues to a mystery in information that is partially true and partially false.