Unit 9 Key Concepts


Auteur Theory - Auteur Theory suggests that a director can use the commercial apparatus of film-making in the same way that a writer uses a pen or a painter uses paint and a paintbrush. The director is considered the primary creative force in the production of the film.

Character Arc - the mental and moral qualities distinctive to an individual. The character arc is the standing of a character and how it changes as the story progresses, an example is Green Eggs and Ham, the "antagonist" first shuns the food, but he eventually tries it and changes his viewpoint on the food.
A character arc is the status of the character as it unfolds throughout the story, the storyline or series of episodes. Characters begin the story with a certain viewpoint and, through events in the story, that viewpoint changes.


Mis en scene -is a French term and originates in the theater. It means, "put in the scene." For film, it has a broader meaning, and refers to almost everything that goes into the shot, including : framing, movement of the camera, characters, lighting, set design and environment. Mis en scene also includes the positioning and movement of actors on the set, which is called blocking. In modern filmwork, these are all the areas overseen by the director, and thus, in French films credits, the director's title is matteur en scene, "placer on scene." During the 1920s through the 1940s, these areas were typically overseen by the producers, titled variously as the producer, the production designer, the art designer, or the art director. Irving Thalberg of MGM was a legendary example of a producer who oversaw such production details.


The Director's Role-To be in charge of how the movie is going to be.
Directors are responsible for overseeing creative aspects of a film under the film producer They often develop the vision for a film and carry the vision out, deciding how the film should look. They are responsible for turning the script into a sequence of shots. They also direct what tone it should have and what an audience should gain from the cinematic experience. Film directors are responsible for deciding camera angles, lens effects and lighting with the help of the cinematographer, and set design with the production designer. They will often take part in hiring key crew members. They coordinate the actors' moves, or blocking, and also may be involved in the writing, financing, and editing of a film.
The director works closely with the cast and crew to shape the film.

Producer's Role vs. Director's Role- Director has creative control of the film while the Producer has control over the film from a money standpoint. The director has control of the art aspects of the film. He controls how shots are composed and the general feel of the film. The producer also occasionally helps to fund the film.

Method Acting - When an actor immerses themselves in the mind of the person that they are supposed to play by living like them. Many times the actor changes the way he really acts in real life and cannot snap back into reality because he is so caught up in his character. Acting through the use of personal emotional immersion to create a realistically dramatic feeling. Examples of method acting included Marlon Brando's character in On The Waterfront, in which he acted as his character on and off set.

Conflict- When there are sides of the argument. In conflict, there is an unresolved issue between two sides. The issue may be resolved in a movie, but is usually the basis of what the plot is based on. Conflict can be with self, nature, or another human being.

Types of Conflict - Man vs. Man is usually a battle or war between two people, or a large group. It could also be a debate. Any conflict between people. Man versus man is when a person struggles another, usually a protagonist will be the good guy that people root for and the antagonist will be the bad guy.
Man. vs. Self is when someone is trying to convince himself to do or not to do something. The person can't decided what to do or wants to do something he shouldn't. Sometimes the person is bound by rules he is forbidden to brake but he needs to. Man versus self is very important because it is often thought by many experts that the main conflict in life comes between a person and himself. We set limits on ourselves and those are usually the only real limits that hold us back.
Man vs. Nature is someone trying to survive in a forest, desert, etc. Sometimes in a battle the soldiers have to survive nature as well.

Rising Action - after the introduction of the film leading to the main events. The ideas and suspense that lead up to the climax. This type of editing creates a lot of suspense and makes the movie better.

Inciting Incident- this introduces the main conflict of the movie, also known as the suspense plot. Also called the catalyst, this is the point in the story when the Protagonist encounters the problem that will change their life. This is when the detective is assigned the case, where Boy meets Girl, and where the Comic Hero gets fired from his cushy job, forcing him into comic circumstances

Setup- The position of the camera, microphones, and performers at the beginning of a scene.

Exposition - One of the four rhetorical modes of discourse, along with argumentation, description, and narration. The purpose of exposition is to provide some background and inform the readers about the plot, character, setting, and theme.

Climax - the point of most suspense in a film; when the conflict is at the highest level. The climax is the point of the movie when the tension reaches its maximum and the entire course of the movie will be changed based on what occurs. It can be seen as the apex of a curve in which there is the beginning of a plot which ascends to the highest point (which is the climax) and then slowly releases tension in the falling action (which is the result). In drama films it is pivotal that the climax is a very intense scene, because it is where the key dramatic occurrence will be of the entire film.

Resolution- When the conflict is resolved. The problems that have been mounting throughout the drama are dealt with to end the story. The resolution is usually happy and everyone is relieved. Resolution is a very important thing in drama movies because it is how the movie ends and what happens to the main characters.

Protagonist - the main character attempting to accomplish something positive in the film. The protagonist can be seen as the "good guy" of the film, in most instances. He or she is usually the character whose path the audience follows most closely and who the audience cares for the most. He is the person who you would usually vote to succeed if you were watching the movie.

Antagonist- A person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary. The "bad guy" in the film that is trying to harm the protagonist. Person who is opposed to,struggles against,or competes with another;opponent;adversary. the adversary of the hero or protagonist of a drama or other literary work. Antagonists are usually dark and cruel, looking to do anything to stop the protagonist from succeeding.

Subtext: content of a book, play, musical work, film, video game or television series which is not announced explicitly by the characters (or author) but is implicit or becomes something understood by the observer of the work as the production unfolds. Subtext can also refer to the thoughts and motives of the characters which are only covered in an aside. Subtext can also be used to imply controversial subjects without specifically alienating people from the fiction, often through use of metaphor.