Unit Four Directors and Key People

John Wayne- Marion Mitchell Morrison (born Marion Robert Morrison; May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), better known by his stage name John Wayne, was an American film actor, director and producer. He epitomized rugged masculinity and became an enduring American icon. He is famous for his distinctive voice, walk and height. His only Oscar was awarded to him for his role in the 1969 film True Grit. He was also known for his conservative political views and his support, beginning in the 1950s, for anti-communist positions.
He was also in Stagecoach, The Searchers, and other westerns. He was born in Winterset, Iowa in 1907 and died in 1979 from stomach cancer. He was a 20th century icon of American western films, especiall those of John Ford. No matter what role Wayne had in movies, it was usually related to a "big, tough, but sentimental hero who talked straight and met the bad guys head on".

John Ford - An American film director famous for his Western genre films such as "Stagecoach", "The Searchers", and "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance". He won four Academy Awards for Best Director, while his film, "How Grown Was My Valley" received one for Best Film. His career lasted for more than 50 years in which he has filmed more than 140 movies. He often used Monument Valley for the setting of many westerns, even though they were suppose to be set in a different state most of the time. He is now regarded as one of the most influential filmmakers of his generation, and is one of the greatest directors of all time.

Gary Cooper- Born Frank James Cooper, is an American Actor, best know for his roles in "High Noon" and "York Sergeant". He was born on May 7, 1901 in Helena Montana, he first started acting in 1925 as a way to make some extra money. But soon after he signed a long term contract with Paramount Pictures and was wanted by several directors. Some achievements through out his acting career are:
-1966, inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame
-1942, first academy award for best actor in "York Sergeant"
-1952, second academy award for best actor in "High Noon"
May 13, 1961, died of prostate cancer

Glenn Ford-The son of a Canadian railroad executive, his family moved to Santa Monica, California, when he was eight years old. His acting career began with plays at high school, followed by acting in West Coast, a traveling theater company. He then took a screen test for Columbia Pictures, and won himself a contract.His rise to stardom was interrupted by military service during WWII. After the War, he went straight back to doing films.His career during the 1940s and 1950s showed that his talents were extensive. He acted in West Coast stage companies, before joining Columbia Pictures in 1939. His stage name came from his father's hometown of Glenford, Canada. His first major movie part was in the 1939 film, Heaven with a Barbed Wire Fence.
He also played Ben Wade in 3:10 to Yuma.

Stanley Kramer-
After graduating from New York University in 1933, majoring in writing, Kramer accepted an internship in Hollywood as a production assistant. He worked as a set p.a. at several studios from 1933 onward and eventually worked at Universal in the early 1940s as part of the swing gang in the art department. In 1948 Kramer organized an independent production company, Screen Plays Inc. It was during Kramer's career as a producer that he began to receive recognition for his talent. In total he produced and directed 23 different actors in Oscar-nominated performances.

Clint Eastwood- An American actor, director, producer, and composer renowned for his roles as a Western Outlaw-hero, or an Anti-hero. He stars and directed many movies throughout the 1950s to the 2000s, and even directs in the current year of 2010. One of his films includes "The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly." His accomplishments include 5 Academy Awards, 5 Golden Globe Awards, 2 Cannes Film Festival Awards, 5 People's Choice Awards and a Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award.
Clint Eastwood was born May 31, 1930 in San Francisco. His family moved to Oregon when Clint was a teenager. After graduating high school in 1948, Clint moved to Seattle and worked as a lifeguard before he was drafted into the military in 1950. He moved to Los Angeles where he found work digging swimming pools after his service.